哈佛和MIT起诉ICE关于美国留学生入学的新规

2020年7月9日 07:33
來源:Singularity Financial

奇点财经7月9日报道 – 特邀记者 梁静 发自香港

哈佛大学和麻省理工学院(MIT)今日宣布,向波士顿联邦法院提诉国土安全部(DHS)和移民及海关执法局(ICE),寻求临时限制令,禁止DHS和ICE强制执行国际学生全网课则须离境或不能入境的规定,还要求认定其不合法。

7月6日,美国移民及海关执法局(ICE))的学生和交流访问者项目(SEVP)宣布,在美国修读学术课程或职业课程的国际学生,如其就读的学校今年秋季学期只进行在线授课,美国国务院将不会向他们发放签证,海关等相关部门也不会允许此类学生进入美国。目前人在美国、秋季学期将出现上述情况的学生也必须离开美国,或转到有线下课程的学校,否则可能面临进入遣返程序等后果。

在诉讼中,这两个大学认为ICE的指南违反了《行政程序法》,使得大学们处于“难以防守的情况”——要么继续采用原来的授课计划,要么尝试提供面授课程。这起诉讼还强调了对留学生们的挑战:距离秋季学期开学仅有数周,这些在美国境内的国际学生基本上无法再转学;而对许多国际学生,返回本国参加网上授课是不可能,也不切实际的——这过于昂贵且要冒着感染的危险。

该政策将影响超过100万的在美外国学生,其中中国学生有近37万人,是最大的群体,现在很多中国学生感到非常焦虑,因为尚不清楚有多少人不得不离开。

目前《高等教育纪事》正在追踪约1,090所美国大学的开学计划,截至7月6日,有9%的学校表示他们计划在今年秋天进行在线课程,而60%表示会进行面对面的授课。

哈佛大学在宣布秋季将在线举办所有大学课程,并容纳不超过40%本科生后,联邦政府宣布了该规定。

哈佛大学校长劳伦斯·巴科(Lawrence S. Bacow)在给师生的一封邮件中写道,“该命令没有告知就生效,既鲁莽又残忍。我们认为这是糟糕的公共政策,而且认为这是非法的。”

作为一所致力于住宿教育的大学,我们希望并打算在安全和负责任的情况下尽快恢复全面的面授教学”,巴科写道,“但是,在那个时候到来之前,我们不会让袖手旁观,看到我们的国际学生的梦想被一个被严重误导的命令所破灭。我们将会站出来为之战斗。

MIT校长拉斐尔·雷夫( L. Rafael Reif)在通知师生的信中强调MIT绝对欢迎国际学生,欢迎世界上最聪明、最有才华和最积极的学生是美国必不可少的力量。他说,“MIT的优势是人-无论来自何方。

一名麻省理工学院(MIT)毕业生在白宫请愿网站发起请愿书,呼吁联邦移民及海关执法局(ICE)撤销昨日发出的国际学生今秋全网课不能留在美国的新规定。该请愿书从6日晚发起后,迅速在华人圈各社交平台转发,截止于7月8日11时半已获得近20万个签名

Dear Members of the Harvard Community,

On Monday, US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) announced that international students will not be allowed to stay in the country if they attend institutions, like Harvard, that are holding courses online this fall. Their choices are either to transfer to another institution that provides in-person or hybrid (both in-person and online) instruction—or to depart the country and risk not being able to return. Those students who fail to comply with this guidance may face deportation.

The order came down without notice—its cruelty surpassed only by its recklessness. It appears that it was designed purposefully to place pressure on colleges and universities to open their on-campus classrooms for in-person instruction this fall, without regard to concerns for the health and safety of students, instructors, and others. This comes at a time when the United States has been setting daily records for the number of new infections, with more than 300,000 new cases reported since July 1. Moreover, if an institution pursues in-person or hybrid instruction this fall and a serious outbreak of COVID-19 occurs, the institution would face strong pressure not to switch to online instruction, as Harvard and others necessarily did this past March, because to do so would immediately place its international students in jeopardy.

In making plans for the fall, Harvard, like many other institutions, has sought to balance addressing concerns for public health with preserving our academic mission of teaching and scholarship, and we have undertaken careful planning to address the unique circumstances of our community and to enable students to make educational progress safely. We have done so recognizing that the nation is in the grip of a pandemic that poses risks to the health of millions and that threatens to overwhelm our capacity to manage it. We believe that the ICE order is bad public policy, and we believe that it is illegal.

Within the last hour, we filed pleadings together with MIT in the US District Court in Boston seeking a temporary restraining order prohibiting enforcement of the order. We will pursue this case vigorously so that our international students—and international students at institutions across the country—can continue their studies without the threat of deportation.

For many of our international students, studying in the United States and studying at Harvard is the fulfillment of a lifelong dream. These students are our students, and they enrich the learning environment for all. We fervently hope that, before long, the circumstances that necessitate online learning will pass. As a university with a profound commitment to residential education, we hope and intend to resume full in-person instruction as soon as it is safe and responsible to do so. But, until that time comes, we will not stand by to see our international students’ dreams extinguished by a deeply misguided order. We owe it to them to stand up and to fight—and we will.

Sincerely,
Larry

____________________
Lawrence S. Bacow
President
Harvard University