Breaking: 紐約法官批准證券法應用於加密貨幣 NY Judge Rules Securities Laws Can Apply to Crypto

2018年9月12日 13:00

 

In what appears to be the first U.S. court case to address the matter, a New York federal judge has ruled that U.S. securities laws are applicable for prosecuting crypto fraud allegations, Reuters reports September 11.

據路透社9月11日報道,紐約聯邦法官已經裁定美國證券法適用於起訴加密欺詐指控。

U.S. District Judge Raymond Dearie ruled that the case against Brooklyn resident Maksim Zaslavskiy, which alleges that he defrauded investors in two cryptocurrencies reportedly backed by real estate and diamonds, can continue.

美國地方法院法官Raymond Dearie裁定,針對布魯克林居民Maksim Zaslavskiy的案件可以繼續,他被指控在兩個由房地產和鑽石支持的加密貨幣中欺騙投資者。

Dearie ruled Tuesday, Sept. 11, that federal securities laws should be interpreted 「flexibly,」 dismissing a motion from Zaslavskiy』s lawyers to drop the charges on the grounds that the cryptocurrencies didn』t fall under the Securities Exchange Act.

Dearie於9月11日星期二裁定,聯邦證券法應該可以被「靈活地」解釋,以此駁回Zaslavskiy的律師提出的撤銷指控的根據,理由是加密貨幣不屬於「證券交易法」。

As cited by the Financial Times, Judge Dearie wrote in a statement, 英國「金融時報」記載,迪爾法官在一份聲明中寫道:

「The question is whether the 『elements of a profit-seeking business venture』 are sufficiently alleged in the indictment, such that, if proven at trial, a reasonable jury could conclude that 『investors provide[d] the capital and share[d] in the earnings and profits; [and] the promoters manage[d], control[ed] and operate[d] the enterprise.』 For present purposes, we conclude that they are.」

「問題在於,起訴書是否充分指出了’尋求利潤的商業投資的要素’,如果在審判中得到證實,陪審團可以得出結論’投資者提供了資本,並在收入和利潤上分享收益; 而發起人管理,控制並運營了該企業。就目前而言,我們得出的結論是,他們是。」

Prosecutors have claimed that in 2017, Zaslavskiy gained at minimum $300,000 from investors for a cryptocurrency called REcoin, which claimed to be backed by real estate, and Diamond, 「backed」 by diamonds. Prosecutors allege that no real estate or diamonds backed the digital assets.

檢察官聲稱,2017年,Zaslavskiy從投資者那裡獲益了至少30萬美元,該加密貨幣稱為REcoin,據說得到房地產的支持,而Diamond幣則由鑽石「支持」。 檢察官稱,並沒有房地產或鑽石來支持這些數字資產。

Dearie noted that it would be up to the jury to make a final decision, adding that Zaslavskiy』s lawyers will be able to make their case in court that the aforementioned tokens should be considered currencies, making securities laws not applicable.

Dearie指出,將由陪審團來做出最終決定,並補充說,除非Zaslavskiy的律師能夠在法庭上表明上述令牌只是貨幣,這樣證券法才不適用。

之前奇點財經還做過一篇類似報道,具體請查看SEC認為「Tomahawk空投代幣的行為屬於證券發行,做好風險披露非常重要」。